Šola Avtentične komunikacije

Šola Avtentične Komunikacije

Avtentična komunikacija (ali nvc, uradno), zajemajoč vse osnovne in tudi bolj napredne principe, je osvojila moje srce tam nekje l 2010. Do danes se je tako zvrstilo mnogo seminarjev pri res izkušenih trenerjih NVC-ja po vsej Evropi, skupno sem nabral preko 50 dni izobraževanja pri licenčnih trenerjih NVC-ja in tudi lepo število seminarjev poučevanja te umetnosti avtentičnosti oz nenasilne komunikacije v okviru Akademije TCT®, naše šole za psihoterapevte.

Ogromno izkušenj pri aktivnem osebnem in duhovnem napredku tam od leta 1990 dalje ter podlaga (psiho)terapevtskega dela od l 1996 dalje in poučevanje komplementarne psihoterapije TCT® zadnje štiri leta, vse to je botrovalo odločitvi, da sestavim učinkovit Program – šolo avtentične oz nenasilne komunikacije.

Program bo seveda vseboval vse osnove NVC-ja po Dr Rosenbergu, s tem, da bo glavni poudarek na transformaciji in sicer ne zgolj razmišljanja, temveč predvsem delovanja udeležencev/k v vsakdanjem življenju (ne samo na seminarjih, torej).

Namera, ki napaja moje delovanje v tem novem Programu je namreč doprinesti k resničnemu in trajnemu napredku udeležencev/k, ne zgolj informiranje ali nudenje empatičnega in toplega okolja za krajše vikend seminarje.

Program bo tako potekal vsaj šest mesecev. Razmišljam celo, da bi vse svoje ideje glede Programa aktualiziral v eno letnem izobraževanju, ki bi nudilo torej 12 vikend seminarjev. Odločitev glede tega sicer še ni dokončna,  se pa nagibam k daljšemu Programu, torej celoletnemu izobraževanju.

Pri delu z ljudmi tam od leta 1996 dalje namreč opažam, da občasno obiskovanje še tako dodelanih vikend  seminarjev (česarkoli) morda vendarle ni dovolj. Za resnično temeljit napredek v vsakdanjem življenju morda dva do trije vikend seminarji (recimo NVC-ja) na leto, po mojih opažanjih, morda vendarle ne zaleže tako, kot si morda prenekateri udeleženec/ka želi v svojem srcu.

Namen mojega novega Programa, ki bo potekal v okviru našega Inštituta transpersonalne psihologije, bo torej nudenje posvečene in osebne, konsistentne ter časovno daljše podpore pri osvajanju osnovnih principov NVC-ja oz nenasilne komunikacije.

Program bo vseboval mesečne vikend seminarje, na katerih bo rdeča nit ne zgolj osvajanje temeljnih principov NVC-ja, temveč predvsem integracija pridobljenega znanja in veščin v vsakdanje življenje: družino, odnose do staršev, partnerjev, otrok, avtoritet, v intimo, v poslovne aspekte življenja itd…

Program bo torej namenjen v prvi vrsti tistim, ki želijo v svojih življenjih izvesti spremembe, na podlagi svoje notranje transformacije, seveda. Program bo sestavljen tako, da bo na voljo oboje, obilo informacij in praktičnih vaj na seminarjih in predvsem natančno podporo in ogromno časa in prostora za aktualizacijo notranjih sprememb v življenje.

Program bo nudil tudi možnost osebnih konzultacij, seans coachinga z menoj, v živo ali prek interneta, seveda tudi moderno e-learning podporo online, po izbiri morda tudi seanse psihoterapije, itd…itd…

Program bo obogaten s temami, ki lahko res oplemenitijo in olajšajo učenje, transformacijo in napredek udeležencev/k, recimo obvladovanje razumevanja skrivnosti aktivne percepcije, Wilberjeve mape stanj zavesti, transpersonalni vidiki dojemanja, Dialoško delo z t.i. Jaz-pozicijami, obvladovanje stika s seboj in drugimi na nivoju Zavesti, delo z mentalnimi vzorci in preseganje le-teh  itd…itd…
Zelo zanimivo bo!!!
:)

Spletna stran je že izdelana, e-learning platforma je že dodana, moje navdušenje je visoko. Vabim vas, da spremljate moj Blog in FB za dodatne informacije glede novega Programa izobraževanja avtentične komunikacije.

:)

Negativizem? Ne hvala

Negativizem? Ne hvalaV luči objave na temo sprejemanja in odprtosti na celovitost Življenja (blog tukaj >>) bi rad v tej objavi z vami podelil razmišljanje na temo negativizma.

Negativizem v tem kontekstu (zame) pomeni zavestna ali nezavedna izbira vlaganja življenjske energije v pomanjkanje, konflikte, negativnost v sebi, v čaščenje prepričanja, da je naša sreča odvisna od zunanjih dejavnikov, v iskanje napak pri drugih in celo, kot bomo videli spodaj, v omejevanje otrok.

O tej temi z lahkoto pišem, iskreno povedano. Imam namreč doktorat iz negativizma; iskanje napak pri drugih je bilo moje najljubše opravilo in življenje iz mentalitete pomanjkanja, no, to je bilo moje življenjsko vodilo. Rad sem projiciral svoje lastne notranje disharmonije na druge ljudi, z lahkoto sem videl vse velike in male napakice in hibe pri drugih ljudeh, rad sem stresal svojo jezo na druge in celo na mojo hčerkico.

Ampak to ni več moja pot. Tako mi ni več živeti. Le zakaj bi se fokusiral na negativnost, če pa je Življenje tako lepo, polno vsega?

Življenje je (zame)  lepo, uspešno, zdravo, polno smeha in sproščenosti. V celoti.

Vendar, kako to, da se tega ne zavedam neprestano?
Ob tem se mi postavljajo nekatera vprašanja, ki mi lahko pomagajo pri preseganju tendenc čaščenja negativizma:

– Ali sem zares srečen sam s seboj?
– Je to, kar počnem v službi zame res izpolnjujoče?
– Me moj partnerski odnos res izpolnjuje?
– Kaj si zares želim v življenju?

Ob ne ravno izpolnjujočih situacijah v mojem življenju (na področjih, ki jih pokrivajo zgornja vprašanja) se mi prav gotovo
porajajo določena čustva. Je to strah, jeza? Žalost morda?
Morda celo bes in sovraštvo?

In če grem naprej, se morda skušam čemu izogniti s takimi čustvi? Morda prevzemanju odgovornosti zase?
Soočanju z globljo realnostjo v mojem življenju? Zrenju resnici v obraz morda?

Kaj si ZARES želim v svojem srcu?
Po čem resnično hrepenim?
Kaj je tisto, kar bi mi res obogatilo moje življenje, iz srca?

Neizpolnjene potrebe, notranja hrepenenja so namreč edini razlog za negativna čustvena stanja.

Celo znanost nevrologije priča o tem, da se življenje dogaja med ušesi in da živimo zgolj na podlagi interpretacij taga, kar vidimo zunaj sebe. Niti mogoče ni, da bi kar koli zunaj nas samih direktno sprožilo naša čustva.

Življenje izvira iz Življenja v Srcu, ne pa zunaj.
Kje so služba, izobrazba, diplome, nazivi, uspehi v življenju, denar, ugled, družbeni status?
Nepomembni, vsaj iz globljega vidika.
Pomembni so notranji Potenciali, neizmerne Kvalitete, ki izvirajo globoko v mojem Srcu. In to Življenje je zame edini
pravi in trajni vir inspiracije, zadovoljstva ter sreče – povsem neodvisno od zunanjih dejavnikov.

Torej, namesto negativizma in omejevanja otrok recimo, se raje poglobim vase, sprejmem in občutim negativne občutke v popolnosti in pogledam in tudi najdem tisto, po čemer hrepenim; najdem tiste kvalitete, potrebe v sebi, ki mi trenutno v življenjski situaciji niso ravno v izobilju. Ne iščem torej izpolnitve zunaj in ne projiciram svoje težave na druge, temveč najdem potenciale za srečo in zadovoljstvo v svojem Srcu.

In moj odnos do negativnosti v moji notranji psiho-dinamični klimi? Ravno to je glavna poanta tega, kar želim podeliti z vami:
brezpogojno sprejemanje svojih lastnih “negativnosti”, pomanjkljivosti, hib in primanjkljajev.  Niti ene same misli v moji glavi ni,
ki ne bi nosila v sebi neomejenega potenciala in povezave do večne Božanskosti.

Ni torej poanta v temu, da bi odvračal pogled od negativizma in čaščenja mentalitete pomanjkanja, recimo. Ne. Poanta je v temu, da (če in ko) vsakič sproti izberem, da svojo življenjsko energijo vlagam v poglabljanje realnosti in ne v hranjenje “negativnih” elementov moje psihe.
Sprejemam svojo jezo, žalost, osamljenost, svoje zmedo, občasno čaščenje mentalnih bataljonov in njihovega vladarja intelekta.
Vse to mi je povsem v redu. Ego, tako ostro negiran in okrivljen za vse tegobe tega sveta v marsikateri duhovni filozofiji Vzhoda in Zahoda, prav ta moj ego – on je moj najboljši prijatelj. Tudi on je del moje celovitosti in, če invociram tudi transpersonalne termine, vse to, vključno z egoom, je del Duhovne dediščine vsakogar izmed nas, ne samo mene.

Plus in Minus, Ying in Yang, “pozitivno” ter “negativno” – vse to je samo vrh ledene gore Večnega Obstoja, ki je moja dokončna narava oz Jaz sam.

Na tem mestu bi z vami rad podelil citat iz knjige Compassionate presence:

“… I felt within me the pain that comes from using our jobs, our bank accounts or the nature of our relationships as a basis for deciding whether we are progressing on the path or are safe. Our attachment to time, to place and other things form the core of
our suffering.

I realize how cruel it is to think of ourselves as having recourse only to things which change and then disappear. Such a limited recourse, coupled with unlimited yearning, brings us to despair. We need to discover as spiritual seekers how our strength, our worthiness and our dignity come from inward connection to infinite Love and not from anything on this earth….”
(Stephen R. Schwartz)

Om Krim Kali Ma

Don’t blame the mind

There are many paths to the Enlightenment, each offering different interpretations of the ageless wisdom. For instance, the Advaita Vendanta denies ego, mind, emotions and indeed all material existence as illusory, relative, transitory and hence not worth spending our time and energy on.

Ramana Maharshi, a great South Indian sage, used to say: “That which is not present in deep dreamless sleep is not real.”
That in effect means, as far as I can see, that everything in the waking state of awareness is not real. Well, I can’t speak for Sri Ramana Maharshi, but on the planet I live on, thoughts, emotions and body are all quite real.

There are other paths, however, which from my perspective, are more empathic to our relative existence and material life. Tantra, especially the so called Left hand Tantra is quite clear on the subject of our mind, emotions and physical body.

In my experience, there is no real need to deny anything, really. Not even one desire is in a way – ego and the mind present no real obstacle. Denying only creates stormy waves in perfectly calm sea.

The Buddhist quote below resonates with my current inner/outer reality so very much:

“Just as bubbles arise and dissolve in the water of the limpid sea,
Just so, conceptual thinking is nothing other than dharma nature.
Don’t see it as a problem — relax.

Whatever arises, whatever is born,
that itself is free by itself without fixation to it.
Aside from mind, there is no other phenomena.
Mind is free of the elaborations of birth and death.

For instance, one who goes to the golden isle cannot find dirt and stone even when sought.
In the equality of the great realm of phenomena,
there is no rejecting or accepting, no equipoise or subsequent attainment.

One’s mind without distraction is dharmakāya.
Non-distraction is the vital point of mediation.

If the tree is cut from the root, the branches will not grow.
Realise the great freedom from limitations.
Rest within the uncontrived natural state.”

From the book:
Niguma, Lady of Illusion, Svayaṁmukti-mahāmudrā

:)

Intenziv Razsvetljenja

So vam ta vprašanja morda znana:

»Kdo sem in kaj pravzaprav delam tukaj?«
»Ali v življenju sploh obstaja nek višji smisel?«
»Ali obstaja nekaj, čemur bi lahko rekel/a Dokončna Resnica?«
»Je to, kar vidim, čutim, mislim res vse, kar Je?«
»Ali obstaja Bog?«

Morda hrepenite po odgovorih?

CILJ INTENZIVA JE IZKUSTVO STANJA ZAVESTI (ne torej zgolj intelektualni odgovori), KI LAHKO POTEŠI VSA NAVEDENA VPRAŠANJA.

Ljudem lahko kljub obvladovanju vseh mogočih filozofskih sistemov in novodobnih teorij morda vendarle manjkajo pristne, intimne in neposredne izkušnje. Le-te pa so lahko resnični in trajni vir zadovoljstva in sreče.

Če torej hrepenite po lastnih izkušnjah in ste se pripravljeni potruditi za SVOJO LASTNO MODROST IN IZKUSTVENO ZNANJE, potem je Intenziv razsvetljenja kot nalašč za vas!

Podrobnosti:

Kje: Pohorje, Smolnik

Kdaj: 2. – 6. oktober 2014
Tri dni Intenziva in en dan integracije.
Začnemo v četrtek zvečer, nadaljujemo tri dni z intenzivnim delom in v ponedeljek izvedemo integracijo.

Cena:
250 EUR.
V ceno je vključeno vodenje seminarja, predavanja, individualni razgovori, podpora med in po seminarju, sam seminar in en dan integracije po seminarju, trije topli in dva hladna obroka na dan, štiri nočitve. Možno plačilo na 4 obroke.

Prijave:
prek obrazca spodaj spodaj ali na tel št 031 208 636

Udeležbo si zagotovite z nakazilom 70 EUR na TRR Inštituta Transpersonalne Psihologije, št. 10100-0047550462, Banka Koper, najkasneje do 29. septembra, s pripisom “Intenziv 2014″.
Po nakazilu pokličite obvezno pokličite na 031 208 636 in preverite ali je nakazilo prispelo.

Zbor:
Dobimo se pred staro lokomotivo na železniški postaji v Mariboru ob 15.30. uri. Bodite točni. S seboj prinesite obutev in obleko za  deževno vreme ter pribor za osebno higieno in udobno oblačilo, najbolje trenerko.

Dodatne informacije:
Na naši spletni strani www.InSamadhi.com ter na tel št 031 208 636

Vabimo vas, da si pred prijavo oz. rezervacijo mesta na tridnevnem Intenzivu Razsvetljenja, preberete vsebino  spletne strani InSamadhi.com in se šele nato odločite za udeležbo.

Vabimo vas, da pridite na Intenziv, če ste pripravljeni tri dni res posvečeno delati na sebi, poglabljati zavedanje sebe in drugih in če vas izkušnja Absolutne zavesti res privlači.

Intenziv je lahko prezahteven za psihične bolnike ter za osebe, ki imajo trenutno v življenju hude težave.

Prijava je veljavna samo z nakazilom vsaj 70 EUR na TRR Inštituta Trans. Psih.
ali na PayPal račun, ID info@itp.eu.com (podatki spodaj).

Izpolnite obrazec:

 



Podatki za nakazila:
Inštitut Transpersonalne Psihologije
Vojkova ulica 3, 6210 Sežana
TRR: SI56 1010-0004-7550-462, Banka Koper, BIC BAKO SI 2X, koda za nakazila: SCVE.

Seminarje lahko plačate tudi online prek varnega sistema PayPal.
Naš PayPal ID je: info@itp.eu.com

Za vsako nakazilo prejmete račun v okviru Inštitua Trans. Psih.

Beyond Authenticity

I would like to touch upon an interesting topic in this blog. I do enjoy writing about Authenticity, self-actualization, individualization and yet, Authenticity itself, as sublime and as rare an attainment as it is, it is only a stage of human psychological-transpersonal identity development, as far as I can see. And to me, Authenticity is really only an introduction to really peaceful and enlightened inner life.

For sure, long and strenuous years can be dedicated to attaining and stabilizing at the stage of awareness called Authenticity or Authentic Level or Centuar (as per Wilber). And all the while the struggle and effort to become Authentic, to lead an Authentic life and to employ the inner potentials by self-actualizing them is a must  – all of that may inevitably become an obstacle when and if one wants to move on from Authentic level to more spiritual ones, i.e. Subtile, Causal and Nondual.

Authenticity in this context and for me means self-actualization, individualization and clearing up all the personal dramas or
the Shadow, to use a Jung term. For me, Shadow in this context translates to everything one believes that is wrong with others, the world and oneself. And it can take long years of dedicated work on those personal issues.

Also, being truly Authentic does not translate to dogmatically following certain set of rules, not even the ones from other Authentic individuals (Maslow, Rogers, Marshall etc…). Authenticity comes from the heart and there are as many authentic individuals as there are human beings, way beyond any kind of convention, injunction or rule. That’s how I perceive the Authentic level at the moment.

I have written extensively on the subject of this level of human awareness (browse my previous blogs, here >> , ) and also a short intro to the overall (Wilber) map of human stages of consciousnesses (see also blog in Identity development >> )

In this blog, however, I would like to express myself about the levels or stages of human identity development which lay well beyond Authenticity.

For me, those levels of awareness are what power up my life, rejuvenate my wonder, as it were, and make sense to all in and around me. Yes, the Authenticity itself is an important stage of human identity development and it simply can not be skipped over. But, after attaining it and really living it, one may begin to wonder if that is all that it is attainable. Well, the answer is, thanks God, no.

Authentic level is only a stage, one of many and, to me, not really all that satisfying.
Let me share my subjective thoughts :)

At the Authentic level, one may be called to individualize his own cognitive processes, to self-actualize his own inner talents and potentials and to start living according to his / her sweet freedom of choice in ALL areas of life: intimate, private, public, business, spare time, inter-personal – everything may be included.

And to attain all that, well, it takes effort, facing the inner dis-harmonies, clearing out the suppressed emotions, overcoming mental negativity etc… Also assuming full responsibility for ones thoughts, emotions, words and actions may also play an important part in the process.

The Authentic Self, which seems to be at the core of the Authentic level is always active, unique, and wants to be in control. So structure, self created rules and battles won through hard work – that is what a person on the Authentic level may define himself / herself through.

I create my own life – that is the motto an Authentic person might live by. And again, it may take years, maybe even decades to really attain that precious level where one can with all sincerity proclaim that s/he is happy because s/he does only what s/he wants to. And it makes him/her very happy.

Maybe that’s why tiredness and fatigue is so common at this level?

But, when inspiration surfaces to move on to more spiritual levels of awareness, a problem may present itself:
an Authentic person is used to work hard, to secure victories by making the necessary effort, to be active, to change things, to excel in bringing changes into his life according to his sweet will. There always seems to be an action and reaction, a structure, principles and rules at this level.

In my experience and to me it is very very useful and important to separate the Authentic level from the Transpersonal ones. The understanding of the inns and outs of the Authentic level and what differentiates it from the Subtle one (and beyond), is what added to clarity and understanding in my case. Thank you Wilber! :)

The strategies that may really work at that level are BEING ACTIVE, MAKING EFFORT, CHANGING THINGS, ASSUMING RESPONSIBILITY ETC…

On the Subtle level in my experience, however, none of those strategies work. None.
The Subtle level in this context means the first of three truly spiritual, transpersonal and non-material levels of human awareness (as per established Wilber map).

A person at the Subtle level (or beyond) is not limited by material strategies anymore. No more “I create my own world”, making effort is not needed anymore and to change things, well, at transpersonal levels, it is futile. That’s my experience.

While the Authentic self is directed onwards, to the outside world, the Subtle self or Soul, on the other hand, is directed inwards.

The main difference between Authentic and Subtle levels (or beyond) is that the later are already perfect. Transpersonal selves (the Subtle, Causal and Nondual) already are perfect, are eternal, and need no effort. There is no need to win or change anything, simply because all is already attained. There is no need to clear up anything, no Shadow, no dramas etc…

I have seen more or less Authentic persons trying to apply the same strategies that are effective at the Authentic level to their spiritual quests.

To my eye, it is like trying to raise the stormy waves in an already perfectly calm lake of clear and serene water.

An Authentic person may still want to change things, to make an effort to change to attain the spiritual levels of consciousness, all the while there is NO NEED for such action, struggle and change.

There is one more glaring difference between Authentic and Transpersonal levels of existence: on the Authentic level the underlying concept is change, effort and creating my own life. On the spiritual, the Subtle level, on the other hand, the underlying leading quality is surrender.

Surrender to what already is perfect, whole, immortal and eternal. There is no need to change things, to alter oneself, to create some new reality. No.

At these spiritual levels, everything already is perfect, peaceful, utterly fulfilling and beyond any change. All it takes is surrender to what already exists, eternally.

The above photo:
Anandamayi Ma in deep samadhi (a state of spiritual awareness, well beyond Authenticity).

:)

More on the transpersonal levels of awareness here >>

 

 

 

 

 

Authenticy in therapy

I have been offering humanistic (psycho)therapy sessions for individuals since 1996 and in all those years I have learned really a lot. What I love the most in working with individuals is their waking up or opening up to their own unique and authentic feelings, needs and goals.

There are levels of human awareness way beyond authenticity, for sure, but man! it is really rewarding to witness a progress such as described below.

I would like to share a post from Dr John Rowan’s Blog:

A young man, after some very stuck sessions in therapy, became very angry with the therapist, saying: “I don’t think we are getting anywhere. When I say something, you just repeat it back to me, and never really give me what I want.”

The therapist said: “It really irritates you that I simply give your statement back to you, without offering any cure or correction.”

Back comes the young man – “There you are, doing it again! If it don’t get anything better than that, I am just going to leave!”.

The therapist says – “You are so angry with me not giving you anything more, that you really feel like leaving.” The young man gets up out of his seat and goes to the door.

The therapist says: “Just before you go, I want to say that I really respect what you have just been saying. It is more alive and more direct than anything you have said before, and it must have taken real courage to say all that.”

The young man leaves. But he comes back the following week, much more involved and much more self-revealing.
Dr John Rowan web site >>

No escape

“Our ability to offer empathy can allow us to:
– stay vulnerable,
– defuse potential violence,
– help us hear the word ‘no’ without taking it as a rejection,
– revive lifeless conversation, and
– even hear the feelings and needs expressed through silence.”
— Dr Marshall Rosenberg

In my experience, there is no mysticism, no secrets and no escape from eventual realization that empathy may as well be a manifestation of our true, transpersonal and eternal nature.

My previous training (Zen, Kali Tantra etc…, which in my case usually translates to serious lack of heartfelt empathy) resulting mostly in the Causal level of awareness (as per established Wilber map) is still being felt in my everyday experiences of others…but even the most abstract transpersonal experiences can not eradicate the quality that binds together, well, everything. That quality is, for me, empathy.

I only wish I had more self-empathy at my disposal. The more self-empathy, the better and more heartfelt empathy can be offered to others, thus building more harmonious, peaceful and respectful relationships.
And that too, is inescapable (for me).

:)

Beyond personal dramas

NVC system provides us with brilliant notions of differences between needs (or potentials as I call them), emotions, concepts in mind and strategies.

While NVC system itself does not speak directly about it, as far as I can tell, self-actualization and individualization both play a major role in achieving authenticity in all areas of life.

The quote below is not meant to imply that I am so self-sufficient and self-actualized and individualized that I need no one, no empathy, no warmth, respect and love in my personal (and transpersonal) relationships. No. What I would like to point out is that self-sufficient person (like me, if I may be so cheeky) does not depend on others for aforementioned qualities.

In my honest opinion, it is only when I was able to go beyond my personal dramas of yearning for attention and forcing others to provide me with qualities such as warmth, love, respect and empathy, that I was really beginning to be ready for real and honest relationships.

Now, for me, being alone is not a problem any more. I love being alone. And yet, no man is an island as the saying goes, and I also enjoy company of others very much. It is just that I am conditioned by that company no more.
:)

The capacity to be alone is the capacity to love. It may look paradoxical to you, but it is not. It is an existential truth: only those people who are capable of being alone are capable of love, of sharing, of going into the deepest core of the other person – without possessing the other, without becoming dependent on the other, without reducing the other to a thing, and without becoming addicted to the other. They allow the other absolute freedom, because they know that if the other leaves, they will be as happy as they are now. Their happiness cannot be taken by the other, because it is not given by the other. ~ Osho

Enter Dzogchen: rigpa

Vedanta Advaita teachings on the subject of the ultimate experiences of Oneness (i.e. samadhi) are quite different from the Buddhist teachings. The main difference, as far as I can see, is that the Buddhist teachings (Dzogchen and others as well) affirm the non-self or anatta natural reality whereas Vedanta insists on the base “I am” (Aham Brahmasmi) reality.

Both are valid, of course. To me, however, the “I am” presence, has become like any other movement in the Mind: impermanent and with no base whatsoever.

Rigpa as per fellow Buddhist, quote taken from a closed FB group
( Mahasiddhas, Mahamudra & Dzogchen >> )

“The ultimate nature of all sentient beings is said to be pure, all-encompassing, primordial clarity or naturally occurring timeless clarity. This intrinsic clarity has no form of its own and yet is capable of perceiving, experiencing, reflecting, or expressing all form. It does so without being affected by those forms in any ultimate, permanent way.

The analogy given by Dzogchen masters is that one’s nature is like a mirror which reflects with complete openness but is not affected by the reflections, or like a crystal ball that takes on the colour of the material on which it is placed without itself being changed. The knowledge that ensues from recognizing this mirror-like clarity (which cannot be found by searching nor identified) is what Dzogchenpas refer to as rigpa.”